Black Drum

Detailed Information on the Black Drum


High arched back. 10 to 14 pairs of chin barbels.
Gray or black colored body in adults with the young have 4 to 6 vertical black bars.
Cobblestone-like teeth are capable of crushing oysters. Large scales.

Black drum are an inshore fish common to bays and lagoons. They are bottom dwellers and often found around oyster beds. They may also be found offshore.

The largest member of the drum family, black drum spawn nearshore in the winter and early spring. They feed on oysters, mussels, crabs, shrimp and occasionally fish. Black drum may live to 35 or more years.

State Records:
Florida; 96 lbs, caught near Fernandina Beach

Fishing Tips and Facts:
The vertical bars on juvenile Black Drum, are somewhat similar to those on Sheepshead and Spadefish.